the Great believed to be a descendant of the Greek heroes Herakles and
Achilles, which is why he wanted to follow in their footsteps. 334 B.C.
Alexander invaded the Persian
with 30,000 soldiers and thus started his conquests.
huge parts of Asia
The Oracle of Zeus at the oasis Siwa declared Alexander to be a son of
Egypt, he had himself declared the Pharaoh; like he had already did in
he also claimed here to be a son of the Gods and thus meant to rule
In 332 BC he
founded the city of Alexandria,
also called Alexandretta,
which today lies in Northern
at the Mediterranean
One of the Seven
Wonders of the World, the famous
Lighthouse, was built
It was finished on the island of Pharos
in the harbor of Alexandria
in 279 BC, after 20 years of construction.
the Great died of a fever on June 11th, 323 BC, in Babylon,
which he had conquered only three months prior. He was 32 years old.
Up till this
point, Alexander the Great had conquered a gigantic territory, from Greece
to the Indian Panjab. In the west, he had brought the complete coast of
right down to Alexandria
under his influence.
stayed in India
for over four years. He founded several cities there, which became the
of commerce between Asia
and Europe for almost
a thousand years, until the invasion of Mahmoud of Ghazna and the
restructuring of the region.