1563. The Council of Trent in Rome
affirms that Roma cannot be priests.
1568. Pope Pius V orders the
expulsion of all Roma from the domain of the
Roman Catholic Church.
1573. Gypsies in Scotland are ordered
to leave the country or settle down.
1578. At the General Warsaw Seym,
King Stephen Báthory pronounces an edict
threatening sanctions against anyone who harbours Roma on their lands.
punished as accomplices of outlaws.
1579. Augustus, elector of Saxony,
orders the confiscation of Romani
passports and banishes them from Saxony.
Gypsies are recorded in
Wearing of Romani dress is
banned in Portugal.
1580. Roma are recorded on the Finnish
1586. Nomadic Roma are ordered
expelled from Belarus.
1589. In Denmark, the death penalty
is ordered for any Roma not leaving the
1595. Stefan Razvan, the son of a
Roma slave and free woman, becomes ruler of
Moldavia in April. He is deposed four months later and murdered in
the same year.
1596. 106 men and women are condemned
to death at York just for being
Gypsies, but only nine are executed. The others prove they were born in
Spanish legislation becomes harsher,
forbidding Gitanos from dealing in horses. The local populace is given
permission to form armed groups to pursue Gitanos.
1606. Roma are prohibited by Henry IV
of France from any gathering of more
than three or four. Roma are punished as "vagabonds and evil-doers."
1611. Spanish legislation orders that
all Gitano occupations must be
connected to the land.
1619. Philip III declares all Gitanos
are to be banished from the kingdom of
Spain within six months, or to settle in a locality with over 1,000
inhabitants. The dress, name and language of the Gitanos is banned. The
punishment is death.
1637. The first anti-Gypsy law in
Sweden is enacted. All Roma should be
expelled from the country within one year. If any Roma are found in
after that date the men will be hanged and the women and children will
driven out from the country.
1646. An ordinance passed in Berne
gives anyone the right "personally to
kill or liquidate by bastinado or firearms" Roma or Heiden
1647. Roma are punished by
XIV regency of France for being
"Bohemians." Punishment is the galleys.