1715. Ten Gypsies in Scotland are
recorded deported to Virginia in the Americas.
1717. Forty-one localities are set out
in Spain as places of residence for
1719 and other years. In France, sentencing for being
Roma is altered from the galleys to
deportation to French colonies.
1721. Emperor Karl VI of the
Austro-Hungarian empire orders the extermination
of Roma throughout his domain.
1723. Roma are prohibited from
residence in the Lorraine, gathering in the
woods or main roads. Punishment is banishment. Communities are
"to gather, march in formation and open fire on them."
1724. All vagabonds and vagrants
are prohibited by Louis XV of France
from residence and nomadism and gathering of more than four adults in a
Adult men are sentenced to the galleys for five years. All others are
and sent to the poor house.
1725. Frederick William I condemns any
Roma over eighteen caught in his
territory, man or woman, to be hanged without trial.
1726. Gitanos in Spain are forbidden
to appeal against the sentences of the
Charles VI passes a law that
any Rom found in the country are to be killed instantly. Romani women
children are to have their ears cut off and whipped all the way to the
1727. Berne decree no.13 reiterates
that Roma are forbidden to stay.
"Gypsy men and women of more than fifteen years of age shall have one
cut off the first time they are caught ... but if they are caught a
they shall be sentenced to death."
1728. The town council of Aachen
passes an ordinance condemning Roma to
death. "Captured Gypsies, whether they resist or not, shall be put to
death immediately. However, those seized who do not resort to
shall be granted no more than a half an hour to kneel, if they so wish,
almighty to forgive them their sins and to prepare themselves for
1733. Empress Anna Ioannovna of
Russia decrees Roma are forbidden to travel
and must settle down as serfs of the land.
1734. Frederick William I decrees
that any Roma caught in his territory, man
or woman, will be hanged without trial. A reward is offered.
1740. The Guild of Locksmiths at
Miskolc in Hungary canvas successfully for
an order to stop Roma from doing any metalwork outside their tents.
Charles VI issues an edict
that anyone caught aiding Roma will be punished.
1745. Gitanos in Spain
must settle in assigned places within two weeks. The
punishment for failure is execution. "It is legal to fire upon them to
take their life." The Churches no longer provide asylum. Armed
ordered to comb the countryside.