Roma and Sinti

Die Roma's flag:
top: blue= sky
bottom: green=earth
red: the indian wheel





Romanes: Die Sprache der Roma und Sinti
The general awareness towards the Roma in Western Europe has changed to the better in recent years. It is still not free of prejudice, but has become more respectful, since the society is now speaking about Roma and Sinti and no longer about “Gypsies”.

What is the difference between Roma and Sinti?

The difference between Roma and Sinti is based on self-identification, which already established in the early 12th century.
The Sinti are, strictly speaking, a part of the Roma people, that differentiate from the others through certain own traditions and their dialect. It is proven that the group known as Sinti in Germany is closest related to the Manush in France, the Polske Roma in Poland and the Kale in Spain. The specific term “Roma and Sinti” established in Germany in the early 1980s, supposedly because of the historical background of persecution during the Nazi era. Through this, the Sinti established their own feeling of identity, which is why some of them still today insist on calling themselves Sinti and try to maintain the certain self-identification of the group.

To offer a handy example to illustrate this:

If we suppose the Bavarians were the Sinti, and the Roma were the Germans as a whole, then the difference would basically be the same. Nevertheless, when the term “Roma” is used in this book, it explicitly includes the Sinti as well as the dozens of other groups of the Roma.